# Image Edge Effect Online

Drop your file(s) here

## How to use this tool to Image Edge Effect 🤔

- Click 👆 on the button and choose input image files, or you may drag and drop the image files to the Drop area. You may choose one image 🌁 or multiple images 🌃 🌄 🎇. The chosen images are displayed with size information in the input section.
- You may change the conversion parameters like quality 🎛, background color, etc., using the sliders, or color input buttons.
- Now you can click on the
**Image Edge Effect**operation. This all happens in a lightening speed ⚡. button. This is where the ⛄ magic happens. Your images are sent ➚ to the server for the specified - Once the input images are transformed ✅, they appear in the download section.
- You may click 👆 on the big button to download ↓ all your transformed images.
- There is also a link 🔗 which you can and share it using which you can download the resulting images.

**Disclaimer:**Please be aware that due to limited server storage, converted images will be automatically purged over time for optimal server performance.

## Image Edge Effect

The edge detection effect identifies and highlights the edges within an image by emphasizing areas with significant intensity changes. This effect is useful in image processing for feature detection and object recognition.

The edge detection process typically involves using convolution kernels (or filters) that calculate the gradient of pixel values, which helps in identifying the edges. Commonly used edge detection kernels include the Sobel, Prewitt, and Roberts Cross operators.

### Edge Detection with a Kernel

Edge detection kernels highlight the differences between adjacent pixels to identify edges. A common set of kernels used for edge detection is the Sobel operator, which consists of two 3x3 kernels: one for detecting horizontal edges and one for detecting vertical edges.

Horizontal Sobel kernel:

\[ \begin{bmatrix} -1 & 0 & 1 \\ -2 & 0 & 2 \\ -1 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix} \]

Vertical Sobel kernel:

\[ \begin{bmatrix} -1 & -2 & -1 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 2 & 1 \end{bmatrix} \]

### Example Calculation

Consider a pixel \( P \) and its 3x3 neighborhood:

\[ \begin{bmatrix} P_{11} & P_{12} & P_{13} \\ P_{21} & P & P_{23} \\ P_{31} & P_{32} & P_{33} \end{bmatrix} \]

The new value of pixel \( P' \) for the horizontal edge detection is calculated as:

\[ G_x = (-1 \cdot P_{11}) + (0 \cdot P_{12}) + (1 \cdot P_{13}) + (-2 \cdot P_{21}) + (0 \cdot P) + (2 \cdot P_{23}) + (-1 \cdot P_{31}) + (0 \cdot P_{32}) + (1 \cdot P_{33}) \]

For the vertical edge detection:

\[ G_y = (-1 \cdot P_{11}) + (-2 \cdot P_{12}) + (-1 \cdot P_{13}) + (0 \cdot P_{21}) + (0 \cdot P) + (0 \cdot P_{23}) + (1 \cdot P_{31}) + (2 \cdot P_{32}) + (1 \cdot P_{33}) \]

The gradient magnitude \( G \) is then calculated as:

\[ G = \sqrt{G_x^2 + G_y^2} \]

### Applying the Kernel to the Image

The edge detection effect is applied to the entire image by convolving the edge detection kernels with the image. This involves moving the kernels over each pixel in the image, computing the gradient values, and replacing the old values with the new edge-detected values.

Edge detection highlights the boundaries and features within an image by identifying areas with significant intensity changes. The process involves using convolution kernels to calculate the gradients and determine the edges.